About the Procedure
Laparoscopy is a surgical approach to treat disorders in the abdominal and pelvic cavities. It allows to treat most of the diseases that are performed by laparotomy (open surgery), such as endometriosis, surgery on the uterus, tubes, ovaries, appendix, urinary tract, vesicle and intestine.
How is it performed?
Small incisions (usually up to 01 cm) are made in the skin of the abdomen and navel, where the instruments, the distention medium and the camera will be introduced.
The technique uses a special camera, specific lighting, optics, trocar, tweezers and the means of distending the abdominal cavity, which is made with carbon dioxide. This means of distention is removed after the procedure and any residue is absorbed by the body.
The characteristics of the patient's organism will also influence the technique to be chosen; but currently with the modernization of the instruments and devices used in laparoscopy, there are few contraindications. This surgical route is considered minimally invasive because it increases the power of vision of the structures and cause less damage to the tissue.
These advantages of the technique increase the procedure safety, decrease the risk of complications inherent to the surgery and decrease the recovery time and return to the routine. In addition to these advantages, they also provide better aesthetic results for the patient.